Content knowledge

Refers to the body of knowledge –facts, theories, principles, ideas, vocabulary– that teachers must master (The Glossary of Education Reform, 2016).

‘Pedagogical content knowledge identifies the distinctive bodies of knowledge for teaching. It represents the blending of content and pedagogy into an understanding of how particular topics, problems or issues are organized, represented, and adapted to the diverse interests and abilities of learners, and presented for instruction. Pedagogical content knowledge is the category most likely to distinguish the understanding of the content specialist from that of the pedagogue.’ (Shulman, 1987: 8).

The Glossary of Education Reform. 2016. ‘Content knowledge’. Accessed 17 April 2018:

Shulman, L.S. 1987. ‘Knowledge and Teaching: Foundations of the New Reform’. In: Harvard Educational Review, 51, 1-22. Retrieved from:

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