Equitable school distribution

Promising policy options

Building inclusive mainstream settings

Content under review

References
The Abidjan Principles. 2019. The Abidjan Principles on the human rights obligations of States to provide public education and to regulate private involvement in education. Adopted on 13 February 2019. Retrieved from: https://www.abidjanprinciples.org/en/principles/overview

OECD. 2008. Ten steps to equity in education. Policy brief. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd.org/education/school/39989494.pdf

OECD. 2017. PISA 2015 Results (Volume III): Students’ Well-Being. OECD Publishing: Paris. Retrieved from:  http://doi.org/10.1787/9789264273856-en;

OECD. 2016. OECD Regions at a Glance 2016. OECD Publishing: Paris. Retrieved from:  http://doi.org/10.1787/reg_glance-2016-en.

OECD. 2018. Adapting the school network to changing needs in urban, rural and remote areas. in Responsive School Systems: Connecting Facilities, Sectors and Programmes for Student Success. OECD Publishing: Paris. Retrieved from:  https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264306707-7-en

OECD. 2016. PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools. OECD Publishing: Paris. Retrieved from:   http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264267510-en.

Nusche, D. 2009. What Works in Migrant Education?: A Review of Evidence and Policy Options. OECD Education Working Papers. No. 22. OECD Publishing. Paris. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/227131784531

Nusche, D., et al. 2015. OECD Reviews of School Resources: Flemish Community of Belgium 2015. OECD Publishing, Paris. Retrieved from:  http://doi.org/10.1787/9789264247598-en

The World Bank. 2009c. Guidance notes on safer school construction. Washington D.C: The World Bank. Retrieved from: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/728061468326978133/Guidance-notes-on-safer-school-construction-global-facility-for-disaster-reduction-and-recovery

Hite, S. ‘School mapping and geographical information systems.’ In: Bray, M.; Varghese, N.V. (ED.), Directions in Educational Planning: International Experiences and Perspectives (pp. 215-239). Paris: IIEP-UNESCO. Retrieved from: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002137/213735e.pdf

Decentralized planning and financing

Content under review

References
UNDP (United Nations Development Program). 2010. Capacity Development Strategies to Support Decentralization in Asia. New York. Retrieved from: https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/capacity-building/institutional-arrangements/capacity-development-strategies-to-support-decentralization-in-asia.html

Burns, T. 2015. Governing Complex Education Systems. Trust and Education. Keynote presentation delivered at the OECD Governing Complex Education Systems Conference in The Hague, 7 December 2015. Retrieved from: www.slideshare.net/OECDEDU/governing-complex-education-systems-overview-and-work-on-trust-the-hague

Busemeyer, M., 2012. Two decades of decentralization in education governance: Lessons learned and future outlook for local stakeholders. Presentation delivered at the OECD Conference ‘Effective local governance in education’, in Warsaw, 16 April 2012. Retrieved from: www.forschungsnetzwerk.at/downloadpub/50293543_Two_decades_of_decentralization_in_education_governance.pdf

Busemeyer, M., 2012. Two decades of decentralization in education governance: Lessons learned and future outlook for local stakeholders. Presentation delivered at the OECD Conference ‘Effective local governance in education’, in Warsaw, 16 April 2012. www.forschungsnetzwerk.at/downloadpub/50293543_Two_decades_of_decentralization_in_education_governance.pdf

UNESCO, 2014. Decentralization as an Education System Reform (L. Benete and W. Ible, eds.). Bangkok: UNESCO Bangkok. www.unescobkk.org/education/news/article/decentralization-as-an-education-system-reform/

The Abidjan Principles. 2019. The Abidjan Principles on the human rights obligations of States to provide public education and to regulate private involvement in education. Adopted on 13 February 2019. Retrieved from: https://www.abidjanprinciples.org/en/principles/overview

Construction of new schools

Content under review

References
UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund). 2009f. ‘Location, design and construction’. In: Child Friendly Schools Manual. New York: UNICEF. Retrieved from: https://www.unicef.org/devpro/files/CFSManual_Ch03_052009.pdf

UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund); WHO (World Health Organization). 2018. Drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in schools: global baseline report 2018. New York: UNICEF and WHO. Retrieved from: https://data.unicef.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/JMP-WASH-in-Schools-WEB.pdf

Practical Action. 2009. School Buildings in Developing Countries: technical brief. Warwickshire: Practical Action. Retrieved from: http://www.worldwidehelpers.org/wwhweb/uploads/files/School %20Buildings%20in%20Developing%20Countries.pdf

Bonner, R. ; Das, P. ; Kalra, R. ; Leathes, B. ; Wakeham, N. n.d. Delivering cost Effective and Sustainable School Infrastructure . TI-UP Resource Center. Retrieved from: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/67620/del-cost-eff-sust-sch-infra.pdf

Gershberg A.I. 2014. Educational Infrastructure, School Construction, & Decentralization in Developing Countries: Key Issues for an Understudied Area. International Center for Public Policy Working Paper 14-12. Retrieved from: https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1020&context=icepp

Theunynck, S. 2009. School construction for universal primary education in Africa: Should communities be empowered to build their schools? Washington D.C.: The World Bank. Retrieved from: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/109291468007863249/pdf/488980PUB0prim101Official0Use0Only1.pdf

Leathes, B. 2009 . Briefing Note: Key Factors in the Cost Effective Design and Construction of Primary School Facilities in Low Income Countries . TI-UP Resource Centre. Retrieved from: https://www.humanitarianlibrary.org/sites/default/files/2014/02/Briefing%2520Note%2520-%2520Classroom%2520Costs%2520Final%252023%2520Jan%252009.pdf

The World Bank. 2009c. Guidance notes on safer school construction. Washington D.C: The World Bank. Retrieved from: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/728061468326978133/Guidance-notes-on-safer-school-construction-global-facility-for-disaster-reduction-and-recovery

Cook, J. R.; Huizenga, C.; Petts, R.;Sampsons, L. R.,;Visser, C.; Yiu, A. 2017. Rural transport research in support of sustainable development goals. Bangkok: Transport and Communications Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific. Retrieved from: https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/bulletin87_7%20Rural%20transport_JRCook.pdf

UNESCO. 2013. Policy Guidelines for Mobile Learning. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002196/219641E.pdf

Alternative modes of schooling

Content under review

References
UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund). 2009f. ‘Location, design and construction’. In: Child Friendly Schools Manual. New York: UNICEF. Retrieved from: https://www.unicef.org/devpro/files/CFSManual_Ch03_052009.pdf

Practical Action. 2009. School Buildings in Developing Countries: technical brief. Warwickshire: Practical Action. Retrieved from: http://www.worldwidehelpers.org/wwhweb/uploads/files/School %20Buildings%20in%20Developing%20Countries.pdf

Rwanda. 2009. Ministry of Education. Child Friendly Schools and Infrastructure Standards and Guidelines. Retrieved from : https://www.preventionweb.net/files/15377_rwandachildfriendlyschoolsinfrastru.pdf

Theunyck, S. 2002. School Construction in Developing Countries: What Do We Know? Washington D.C.: The World Bank. Retrieved from:  https://humanitarianlibrary.org/sites/default/files/2014/02/Theunynck%2520(2002)%520School%2520Construction%2520in%2520Developing%2520Countires.pdf

Gershberg A.I. 2014. Educational Infrastructure, School Construction, & Decentralization in Developing Countries: Key Issues for an Understudied Area. International Center for Public Policy Working Paper 14-12. Retrieved from: https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1020&context=icepp

Theunynck, S. 2009. School construction for universal primary education in Africa: Should communities be empowered to build their schools? Washington D.C.: The World Bank. Retrieved from: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/109291468007863249/pdf/488980PUB0prim101Official0Use0Only1.pdf

The World Bank. 2009c. Guidance notes on safer school construction. Washington D.C: The World Bank. Retrieved from: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/728061468326978133/Guidance-notes-on-safer-school-construction-global-facility-for-disaster-reduction-and-recovery

Cook, J. R.; Huizenga, C.; Petts, R.;Sampsons, L. R.,;Visser, C.; Yiu, A. 2017. Rural transport research in support of sustainable development goals. Bangkok: Transport and Communications Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific. Retrieved from: https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/bulletin87_7%20Rural%20transport_JRCook.pdf

Starkey, P.; Hine, J. 2014. Poverty and sustainable transport: How transport affects poor people with policy implications for poverty reduction. UN Habitat, Overseas Development Institute, SLoCaT. Retrieved from: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/1767Poverty%20and%20sustainable%20transport.pdf

UNESCO. 2013. Policy Guidelines for Mobile Learning. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002196/219641E.pdf

OECD. 2018. Adapting the school network to changing needs in urban, rural and remote areas. in Responsive School Systems: Connecting Facilities, Sectors and Programmes for Student Success. OECD Publishing: Paris. Retrieved from:  https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264306707-7-en

Use of existing building

Content under review

References
The World Bank. 2009d. Six steps to abolishing primary school fees: Operational guide. Washington D.C.: The World Bank. Retrieved from: https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Six_Steps_to_Abolishing_Primary_School_Fees.pdf

OECD. 2018. Adapting the school network to changing needs in urban, rural and remote areas. in Responsive School Systems: Connecting Facilities, Sectors and Programmes for Student Success. OECD Publishing: Paris. Retrieved from:  https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264306707-7-en

Updated on 2022-06-14

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