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Budget allocation and financial incentives

Promising policy options

Promote inclusive education through school funding

Content under review

References
IIEP-UNESCO. 2015. Educational access, equity, and development: planning to make rights realities. Paris. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000235003

Inclusive and Special Education Review Working Group. 2005. Inclusive and Special Education Review. Floriana, Malta: Ministry of Education, Youth and Employment. http://education.gov.mt/en/resources/documents/policy%20documents/inclusive%20and%20special%20education%20review.pdf

Mowe Jahnsen, K.; Walker, J. 2016. Financing matters: A toolkit on domestic financing for education. Johannesburg: Global Campaign for Education. Retrieved from: http://www.campaignforeducation.org/docs/resources/GCE%20Financing_Matters_EN_WEB.pdf

OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development). 2017. The Funding of School Education: Connecting Resources and Learning, OECD Publishing, Paris. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/9789264276147-en.pdf?expires=1576759369&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=D9E21542B235E5BB44A6AB4D1F6B2D1C

UIS (UNESCO Institute for Statistics). 2007. Educational equity and public policy: comparing results from 16 countries. Montreal. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000149523

UIS (UNESCO Institute for Statistics). 2018. Handbook on Measuring Equity in Education. Montreal. Retrieved from: http://uis.unesco.org/sites/default/files/documents/handbook-measuring-equity-education-2018-en.pdf

UNESCO. 2014. UNESCO education strategy 2014-2021. Paris. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000231288

UNESCO. 2016. Assessing the focus of national education financing policies on equity. Background paper prepared for the 2016 Global Education Monitoring Report. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000245619

UNESCO. 2017. Ensuring adequate, efficient & equitable financing in schools: school finance in the Asia-Pacific region. Bangkok. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000246922

UNESCO. 2018. Concept note for the 2020 Global education monitoring report on inclusion. GEM Report. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000265329

UNESCO. 2019. Global education monitoring report, 2019: Migration, displacement and education: building bridges, not walls. Paris. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000265866

UNESCO/International Bureau of Education. 2009. Defining an Inclusive Education Agenda: Reflections around the 48th session of the International Conference on Education. Geneva: UNESCO. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001868/186807e.pdf

World Bank. 2014. SABER in Action: An Overview. Strengthening education systems to achieve learning for all. http://wbgfiles.worldbank.org/documents/hdn/ed/saber/supporting_doc/in_acti ons/SABER_in_Action_Overview.pdf

World Bank. 2013.  What Matters Most for School Finance: A Framework Paper. Washington, DC: The World Bank. Retrieved from:  http://wbgfiles.worldbank.org/documents/hdn/ed/saber/supporting_doc/Background/FIN/Framework_School_Finance.pdf

Promote an ongoing and regular assessment of the flow of resources

Content under review

References
Bilal Barakat. 2020. Resource allocation for inclusive education: A GEM Report analysis. Presented at CIES Conference, San Francisco, 2019. Global Education Monitoring Report, UNESCO. Retrieved from: https://static1.squarespace.com/static/57aa9cce6b8f5b8163fdc9a3/t/5cf6da9bbf33d400016fdec9/1559681692825/GEMR+CIES+presentation_Country+Profiles.pdf

IIEP-UNESCO. 2015. Educational access, equity, and development: planning to make rights realities. Paris. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000235003

IIEP-UNESCO. 2018. Learning at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Science, Measurement, and Policy in Low-Income Countries. Paris: IIEP-UNESCO. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000265581

Inclusive and Special Education Review Working Group. 2005. Inclusive and Special Education Review. Floriana, Malta: Ministry of Education, Youth and Employment. http://education.gov.mt/en/resources/documents/policy%20documents/inclusive%20and%20special%20education%20review.pdf

OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development). 2017. The Funding of School Education: Connecting Resources and Learning, OECD Publishing, Paris. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/9789264276147-en.pdf?expires=1576759369&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=D9E21542B235E5BB44A6AB4D1F6B2D1C

UIS (UNESCO Institute for Statistics). 2007. Educational equity and public policy: comparing results from 16 countries. Montreal. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000149523

UIS (UNESCO Institute for Statistics). 2018. Handbook on Measuring Equity in Education. Montreal. Retrieved from: http://uis.unesco.org/sites/default/files/documents/handbook-measuring-equity-education-2018-en.pdf

UNESCO. 2014. UNESCO education strategy 2014-2021. Paris. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000231288

UNESCO. 2016. Assessing the focus of national education financing policies on equity. Background paper prepared for the 2016 Global Education Monitoring Report. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000245619

UNESCO. 2017. Ensuring adequate, efficient & equitable financing in schools: school finance in the Asia-Pacific region. Bangkok. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000246922

UNESCO. 2019. Global education monitoring report, 2019: Migration, displacement and education: building bridges, not walls. Paris. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000265866

UNESCO/International Bureau of Education. 2009. Defining an Inclusive Education Agenda: Reflections around the 48th session of the International Conference on Education. Geneva: UNESCO. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001868/186807e.pdf

World Bank. 2014. SABER in Action: Annual Report. Strengthening education systems to achieve learning for all. Retrieved from: http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/133961468306883460/pdf/933840AR0PP1460nualReportFY14FINAL.pdf

Promote accountability for the management of the resources

Content under review

References
Bilal Barakat. 2020. Resource allocation for inclusive education: A GEM Report analysis. Presented at CIES Conference, San Francisco, 2019. Global Education Monitoring Report, UNESCO. Retrieved from: https://static1.squarespace.com/static/57aa9cce6b8f5b8163fdc9a3/t/5cf6da9bbf33d400016fdec9/1559681692825/GEMR+CIES+presentation_Country+Profiles.pdf

IIEP-UNESCO. 2015. Educational access, equity, and development: planning to make rights realities. Paris. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000235003

IIEP-UNESCO. 2018. Learning at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Science, Measurement, and Policy in Low-Income Countries. Paris: IIEP-UNESCO. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000265581

Inclusive and Special Education Review Working Group, 2005. Inclusive and Special Education Review. Floriana, Malta: Ministry of Education, Youth and Employment. http://education.gov.mt/en/resources/documents/policy%20documents/inclusive%20and%20special%20education%20review.pdf

OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development). 2017. The Funding of School Education: Connecting Resources and Learning, OECD Publishing, Paris. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/9789264276147-en.pdf?expires=1576759369&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=D9E21542B235E5BB44A6AB4D1F6B2D1C

UIS (UNESCO Institute for Statistics). 2007. Educational equity and public policy: comparing results from 16 countries. Montreal. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000149523

UIS (UNESCO Institute for Statistics). 2018. Handbook on Measuring Equity in Education. Montreal. Retrieved from: http://uis.unesco.org/sites/default/files/documents/handbook-measuring-equity-education-2018-en.pdf

UNESCO. 2014. UNESCO education strategy 2014-2021. Paris. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000231288

UNESCO. 2016. Assessing the focus of national education financing policies on equity. Background paper prepared for the 2016 Global Education Monitoring Report. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000245619

UNESCO. 2017. Ensuring adequate, efficient & equitable financing in schools: school finance in the Asia-Pacific region. Bangkok. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000246922

UNESCO. 2019. Global education monitoring report, 2019: Migration, displacement and education: building bridges, not walls. Paris. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000265866

UNESCO/International Bureau of Education, 2009. Defining an Inclusive Education Agenda: Reflections around the 48th session of the International Conference on Education. Geneva: UNESCO. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001868/186807e.pdf

World Bank, 2014. SABER in Action: An Overview. Strengthening education systems to achieve learning for all. http://wbgfiles.worldbank.org/documents/hdn/ed/saber/supporting_doc/in_acti ons/SABER_in_Action_Overview.pdf

Capacity building for evaluating the use of financial resources

Content under review

References
UNESCO-IBE (International Bureau of Education). 2009. Defining an Inclusive Education Agenda: Reflections around the 48th session of the International Conference on Education. Geneva: UNESCO. Retrieved from: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001868/186807e.pdf

Inclusive and Special Education Review Working Group, 2005. Inclusive and Special Education Review. Floriana, Malta: Ministry of Education, Youth and Employment. http://education.gov.mt/en/resources/documents/policy%20documents/inclusive%20and%20special%20education%20review.pdf

World Bank, 2014. SABER in Action: An Overview. Strengthening education systems to achieve learning for all. http://wbgfiles.worldbank.org/documents/hdn/ed/saber/supporting_doc/in_acti ons/SABER_in_Action_Overview.pdf

UNESCO. 2016. Assessing the focus of national education financing policies on equity. Background paper prepared for the 2016 Global Education Monitoring Report. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000245619

OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development). 2017. The Funding of School Education: Connecting Resources and Learning, OECD Publishing, Paris. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/9789264276147-en.pdf?expires=1576759369&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=D9E21542B235E5BB44A6AB4D1F6B2D1C

Other policy options

Set up a transparent budgetary allocation system

Content under review

References
The Abidjan Principles. 2019. The Abidjan Principles on the human rights obligations of States to provide public education and to regulate private involvement in education. Adopted on 13 February 2019. Retrieved from: https://www.abidjanprinciples.org/en/principles/overview

The World Bank. 2016. SABER what matters most for equity and inclusion in education systems : a framework paper. SABER working paper; no. 10. Washington, D.C. : The World Bank Group. Retrieved from : http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/621711500379564153/SABER-what-matters-most-for-equity-and-inclusion-in-education-systems-a-framework-paper

UNESCO. 2017. A guide for ensuring inclusion and equity in education. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002482/248254e.pdf

UNESCO. 2009. Education financial planning in Asia: implementing medium-term expenditure frameworks: Thailand. UNESCO: Bangkok. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000184850

OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development). 2017. The Funding of School Education: Connecting Resources and Learning. OECD Publishing, Paris. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/9789264276147-en.pdf?expires=1576759369&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=D9E21542B235E5BB44A6AB4D1F6B2D1C

Promote accessible school financial management reports

Content under review

References
The Abidjan Principles. 2019. The Abidjan Principles on the human rights obligations of States to provide public education and to regulate private involvement in education. Adopted on 13 February 2019. Retrieved from: https://www.abidjanprinciples.org/en/principles/overview

The World Bank. 2016. SABER what matters most for equity and inclusion in education systems : a framework paper. SABER working paper; no. 10. Washington, D.C. : The World Bank Group. Retrieved from : http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/621711500379564153/SABER-what-matters-most-for-equity-and-inclusion-in-education-systems-a-framework-paper

UNESCO. 2017. A guide for ensuring inclusion and equity in education. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002482/248254e.pdf

UNESCO. 2009. Education financial planning in Asia: implementing medium-term expenditure frameworks: Thailand. UNESCO: Bangkok. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000184850

OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development). 2017. The Funding of School Education: Connecting Resources and Learning. OECD Publishing, Paris. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/9789264276147-en.pdf?expires=1576759369&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=D9E21542B235E5BB44A6AB4D1F6B2D1C

Updated on 2022-03-18

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