‘Standards of tardiness may vary from country to country but generally if a teacher arrives more than 30 minutes late and/or leaves earlier than the scheduled time they are considered absent’ (ADEA and WGEMPS, n.d.: 2).

ADEA (Association for Development of Education in Africa) WGEMPS (Working Group on Education Management and Policy Support). n.d. Policy Brief, Reducing Teacher Absenteeism: Solutions for Africa. Harare: ADEA WGEMPS. Retrieved from: http://www.adeanet.org/en/policy-briefs/reducing-teacher-absenteeism-solutions-for-africa