Teacher absenteeism
: ‘Any failure of an employee to report for or to remain at work as scheduled, regardless of reason’ (Casio, 2003: 371).

Student or school absenteeism: ‘the problem of school absenteeism occurs when some children fail to attend school regularly and their absences affect their academic performance. School absenteeism has typically being associated with students’ refusal to attend school or with truancy (Cooper, 1986)’ (Balcazar and Keys, 2003: 916). 


Balcazar, F.E.; Keys, C.B. 2003. ‘School Absenteeism, Childhood’. In: Gullotta T.P. et al. (eds) Encyclopedia of Primary Prevention and Health Promotion. Springer, Boston, MA. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-0195-4_133

Casio, 2003, cited in Rosenblatt, Z.; Shirom, A. 2006. ‘School Ethnicity and Governance Influences on Work Absence of Teachers and School Administrators’. In: Educational Administration Quarterly, 42, 3. Retrieved from: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=

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