‘teachers who exist only on paper but get paid a salary’ (ADEA and WGEMPS, n.d.: 2).
ADEA (Association for Development of Education in Africa) WGEMPS (Working Group on Education Management and Policy Support). n.d. Policy Brief, Reducing Teacher Absenteeism: Solutions for Africa. Harare: ADEA WGEMPS. Retrieved from: http://www.adeanet.org/en/policy-briefs/reducing-teacher-absenteeism-solutions-for-africa