School-based management

‘Formal alteration of governance structures, as a form of decentralization that identifies the individual school as the primary unit of improvement and relies on the redistribution of decision-making authority as the primary means through which improvement might be stimulated and sustained’. ‘Allowing schools more autonomy in decisions about the use of their human, material and financial resources’ (Malen et al. 1990. cited in the World Bank, 2008: 2).

Malen et al. 1990. cited in The World Bank. 2008. What is School-Based Management? Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. Retrieved from:

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