‘Courses, seminars or workshops in which [teachers] participate on the job (Anderson, 2004: 111). The process by which teachers engage in further education or training to refresh or upgrade their professional knowledge, skills and practices in the course of their employment (ILO, 2012: 4)’. (IIEP-UNESCO Learning Portal, n.d.).
IIEP-UNESCO Learning Portal. n.d. ‘In-service teacher training’. Accessed 20 April 2020: https://learningportal.iiep.unesco.org/en/glossary/i