Implicit bias, also known as unconscious bias, ‘is thought to reflect the automatic cognitive associations or affective predispositions individuals have with different social groups. Individuals have limited awareness of and control over their implicit biases (e.g., Blair et al., 2015; Greenwald et al., 1998). As such, implicit bias is gauged using indirect measures such as the Implicit Association Test (IAT), in which reaction times to various stimuli are assessed and compared (Greenwald et al., 1998)’ (Starck et al., 2020: 274).
Starck, J.G.; Riddle, T.; Sinclair, S.; Warikoo N. 2020. ‘Teachers Are People Too: Examining the Racial Bias of Teachers Compared to Other American Adults’. In: Educational Researcher, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 273-284. Retrieved from: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.3102/0013189X20912758