Are ‘about the deeper levels of basic assumptions and beliefs shared by members of an organization’ (IBE-UNESCO, 2008: 15). UNESCO defines culture ‘as the set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of society or a social group, that encompasses, not only art and literature, but lifestyles, ways of living together, value systems, traditions, and beliefs’ (UNESCO, 2001:3).

IBE-UNESCO (UNESCO International Bureau of Education)2008. Inclusive education: The Way of the Future, Forty-eight session of the international Conference on Education. Geneva: IBE-UNESCO. Retrieved from:

UNESCO (2001). UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from: