‘A group of policies, structures, practices, and tools for generating and using information on student learning’ (Clarke, 2011: 4). When good quality assessment systems are sustained over time, they provide the possibility of monitoring learning trends, and therefore have a better ‘understanding of the relative contribution of various inputs and educational practices to changes in those trends’ (Clarke, 2011: 6).
Clarke, M. 2011. Framework for Building an Effective Student Assessment System. Washington DC: The World Bank Group. Retrieved from: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED553178.pdf