‘Evaluation of student learning, either system-wide or school-based, administered at the end of a unit or sequential units of instruction to measure to what extent learners have achieved desired outcomes’ (Bernard, 2009: 69).
Bernard, J. 2009. Learning counts: An overview of approaches to understanding, assessing and improving the quality of education for all. Paris: UNESCO. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000191696