Stallings Classroom Snapshot (Stalling classroom observation system)

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Definition
‘The Stallings classroom observation system, also known as the Stallings classroom snapshot, is a questionnaire and protocol for timed observations that produce quantitative data about interactions of teachers and students in classrooms’ (World Bank, 2017b: 1).

This model of classroom observation was developed in the 1970s by Jane Stallings to observe and measure use of classroom time in the United States (RTI International, 2016). The model focuses on teacher, student, and classroom level interactions. It can be implemented in any school setting and for any subject being taught.  The model classifies each activity observed as well as its intended audience. Data is captured at regular intervals, usually every 2 to 5 minutes (RTI International, 2016).

References
RTI International. 2016. Measures of quality through classroom observation for the Sustainable Development Goals: lessons from low-and-middle-income countries. Background paper prepared for the 2016 Global Education Monitoring Report: Education for people and planet: Creating sustainable futures for all. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000245841?posInSet=1&queryId=32eb6163-d79e-4a4c-a040-19eefa60ade4

The World Bank. 2017b. The Stallings classroom observation system. Accessed 30 August 2021: https://www.worldbank.org/en/programs/sief-trust-fund/brief/the-stallings-classroom-snapshot

To explore further
RTI International. 2016. Measures of quality through classroom observation for the Sustainable Development Goals: lessons from low-and-middle-income countries. Background paper prepared for the 2016 Global Education Monitoring Report: Education for people and planet: Creating sustainable futures for all. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000245841?posInSet=1&queryId=32eb6163-d79e-4a4c-a040-19eefa60ade4

The World Bank. 2015aConducting Classroom Observations: Analyzing Classrooms Dynamics and Instructional Time, Using the Stallings “Classroom Snapshot” Observation System. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. Retrieved from: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/790221467997639302/pdf/97904-WP-Box391498B-PUBLIC-WB-Stallings-web.pdf

The World Bank. 2017b. The Stallings classroom observation system. Accessed 30 August 2021: https://www.worldbank.org/en/programs/sief-trust-fund/brief/the-stallings-classroom-snapshot

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