‘Assessments with important consequences for test takers, on the basis of their performance. Passing has important benefits, such as progressing to a higher grade, a high school diploma, a scholarship, entrance into the labour market or getting a license to practice a profession. Failing also has consequences, such as being forced to take remedial classes or not being able to practice a profession. Examples of high-stakes assessments include college entrance examinations, high/secondary school exit examinations, and professional licensing examinations’ (UIS-UNESCO, n.d.).
UIS-UNESCO (UNESCO Institute for Statistics). n.d. High stake assessment. Accessed 17 April 2018: http://uis.unesco.org/en/glossary-term/high-stake-assessment