Twenty-first 21st century skills and competencies

‘Those skills and competencies young people will be required to have in order to be effective workers and citizens in the knowledge society of the 21st century’ (Ananiadou, 2009: 5). For example: creativity, innovation, critical thinking, decision-making, collaboration, communication, productivity and leadership.

Ananiadou, K. 2009. ‘21st century skills and competences in OECD countries’. In: Innovation Strategy: Education and Skills. Paris: Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). Retrieved from: