‘This principle, also known as ‘pay equity’, figures in the Equal Remuneration Convention 1952 (No. 100) of the International Labour Organization ILO. There are two main concepts covered by pay equity. The first concept is “equal remuneration for equal work”, meaning that men and women should receive equal pay and benefits for work that is the same, or requires the same skills, effort and responsibility, and is performed under similar working conditions. The second concept is that of “equal remuneration for work of equal value”, meaning that even if jobs are entirely different, based on objective criteria free from gender bias, they are of equal value. This concept ensures that men and women receive equal remuneration for jobs which may involve different types of qualifications, skills, responsibilities or working conditions, but which are nevertheless of equal value.’ (ILO, 2016: 1).
ILO (International Labour Organization). 2016. Policy Brief: Exploring the gender pay gap in Occupied Palestinian Territory: A qualitative study of the education sector. ILO. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—arabstates/—ro-beirut/documents/publication/wcms_542472.pdf